The Journal

Terms to learn

type_font_calligraphy.jpg

To be honest, I still get confused when I talk about typography. I am not 100% when do I have to use the term font or typeface. So, lets understand some basic terms: 

  1. Typography: the style and appearance of printed matter. Its the art or procedure of arranging type or processing data and printing from it.
  2. Type: a piece of metal with a raised letter or character on its upper surface, for use in letterpress printing. Its the pieces of metal used in letterpress printing collectively.
  3. Typeface: a particular design of type.
  4. Font: a set of type of one particular face and size.
  5. Script: a handwriting as distinct from print; written characters.
  6. Calligraphy: a decorative handwriting or handwritten lettering.
  7. Lettering: the letters inscribed on something, especially decorative ones.
  8. Font family: a complete collection of typefaces in different weights and classifications, but having the same point size ,and designed to work together.

The previous definitions were taken directly from google definitions more or less. I thought I should post this for now to keep it in mind. I might add a better definitions later on. 

When it comes to Arabic, I am not quite sure but I think typography is (الخط المطبوع) and calligraphy is (الخط المكتوب). I am thinking in Arabic, and translating it literally into English: typography is the printed font, and calligraphy is the written font. Please correct me if I am wrong!

A question I've always had in mind. Whats lettering in Arabic? is there a term in Arabic that is equivalent to lettering? or maybe not.